Seminar "The Economic and the Social in European and International Law"
This seminar is about the tensions and conflicts between economic and social objectives in European and international law. After the Second World War, the newly emerging European and international legal regimes put the emphasis on the integration of economic orders and left the organization of the welfare state largely to the national level. The idea was that national governments would ensure a balance between economic and social policy goals in accordance with the preferences of their citizens. However, welfare states came under pressure as a result of the economic liberalization that began in the 1970s, and even more so in the course of the financial crisis beginning in 2008 and the pressures it created for public budgets. Some therefore question whether European and international law still ensure a fair balance between economic and social objectives. For ist part, the European Commission has announced the creation of a social pillar to rectify perceived imbalances.
The seminar will analyze these tensions in a number of in-depth studies. They extend over theoretical and historical questions, current doctrinal issues, and questions about the potential future development of European and international law.
The seminar will be taught jointly by Professor Costamagna and Juniorprofessor Goldmann. Participating students will therefore have to give their oral presentations in English. The language of their seminar papers should also be in English, unless otherwise agreed with the teachers.
List of Seminar Topics:
- Vilfredo Pareto and welfare state economics
- Karl Polanyi: The Great Transformation
- Pius and Oswald von Nell-Breuning: Catholic social teaching
- Ordoliberalism and the Social Market Economy (Eucken, Böhm, Müller-Armack)
- Friedrich von Hayek: Against social justice
- John Galbraith: The Affluent Society
- Michel Foucault: The Birth of Biopolitics
- Martha Nussbaum: The capabilities approach
- The Economic and the Social in the Treaties of Rome
- The Impact of the Fundamental Freedoms on the Balance between the Economic and the Social in the Case Law of the ECJ
- The Relationship between Fundamental Freedoms and Human Rights
- The Impact of Competition Law on the Balance between the Eco- nomic and the Social in the Case Law of the ECJ
- The Economic and the Social according to the Maastricht Treaty
- The Economic and the Social after the Reform of the Stability and Growth Pact – Preventive Prong
- The Economic and the Social after the Reform of the Stability and Growth Pact – Curative Prong
- The Economic and the Social in ESM Adjustment Programs
- The EMU, the ESM, and the Charter of Fundamental Rights
- Adjustment Programs before National Constitutional Courts
- Rescue Measures before the ECHR
- The Rise and Fall of the International Labor Organization
- The Economic and the Social in the World Bank
- The Economic and the Social in Sovereign Debt Restructuring – Re- cent Reform Proposals
- Business and Human Rights
- Human Rights Indicators
- The Economic and the Social in Investment Law
- The Economic and the Social in Trade Law (especially labor stand- ards and social dumping)
For more Information please see the seminar outline (PDF).
Kolloquium "Law and Finance"
Outline of the Kolloquium (PDF).
Course time: Wednesdays from 15h c.t. -18h on the following dates:
11 April, 18 April, 25 April (exceptionally from 9h c.t. to 12h in room SH 1.106), 2 May, 23 May, 30 May, 6 June, 13 June, 20 June
Room: HoF 3.45 (Sydney)
Enrolment: No prior enrolment necessary. Just come to the first class or write me an e-mail.
Learning goals and competencies:
- Develop a profound understanding of the role of law in finance and economics, as well as the role of economic knowledge in the Hence, a truly interdisciplinary experience.
- Familiarize students with the main strands of research relevant for the interaction between law and finance.
- Learn to develop own research
Module description: This Kolloquium focuses on the relationship between law and the financial sector in a profound sense. Its goal is to investigate, both in practice and in theory, the multiple, intricate relationships between the law and the financial sector and how they mutually shape each other. Each session usually requires the preparation of two texts, one of them being of a more theoretical nature, the other one being more practical with a focus on concrete cases. The theoretical texts will introduce participants to important strands of past and contemporary research that have a bearing on the relationship between law and finance. Authors include Weber, Hayek, Polanyi, the law & economics literature, Foucault, and recent scholarship related to the financial crisis. Practical texts and cases will include sovereign debt litigation, investment law, as well as monetary and regulatory issues from Europe and beyond. The introductory session on 11 April 2018 will provide an overview of the subjects to be covered and requires no prior readings.
Course requirements: Basic knowledge of European and/or International law; interest in and/or knowledge of questions of finance and democracy.
Grade requirements: To get a grade for the Kolloquium, students need to write two reaction papers which engage critically with one of the readings, theoretical or practical, which are discussed during class. Each reaction paper may comprise between 1,500 and 2,000 words and may be written in English, German, French, Italian, or Spanish. Reaction papers are to be sent to email@example.com on the day before the course. The reaction papers will be assigned to students based on their preferences as indicated after the first class. In addition, active class participation is required. This includes doing the readings on a regular basis. The readings have been selected with a view to keeping the amount of time necessary for their preparation within reasonable limits.
Course Program (as of 7 March 2018)
Session No. 1, 11 April, "For Immediate Release: Law in a Capitalist Economy"
Desan, Christine, "Money as a legal institution", in D. Fox and W. Ernst, Money in the Western Legal Tradition (2014) 18.
Session No. 2, 18 April, "Public Relations: Capitalism and Legal Rationality"
§ 1 Capital and Capitalism & § 2 Capitalims and Democracy
Max Weber, Economy and Society (1922): vol. 1, pp. 212-223, 311-315; vol. 2, 654-658, 775-776, 784-788, 880-892.
RGZ 103, 328 (German), English translation: https://law.utexas.edu/ transnational/foreign-law-translations/german/case.php?id=954.
Horkheimer & Adorno, Dialectic of Enlightenment (1944) 1-35.
Max Weber, Economy and Society (1922): vol. 2, 729-731, 789-791, 892-895.
Max Weber, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism (1904-1905), ch. 5.
Emile Durkheim, The Division of Labour in Society (1893), extracts.
Session No. 3, 25 April, "Dark Shadows: Law and the Disembedded Economy"
Karl Polanyi, The Great Transformation (1944): Ch. 1 and 2 (pp. 3-32), Ch. 11 (136-140).
Biwater Gauff (Tanzania) Ltd. v. United Republic of Tanzania, ICSID Case No. ARB/05/22, only the following sections (pages): Sec. I (pp. 1-6), ch. V.1 (p. 99), Sec. V.3.C (pp. 132-154), Sec. V.4.C.(1) (only para. 586 on p. 174 and para. 602 on p. 178), Sec. V.4.C.(2)(a)-(c) (p. 180-186).
Karl Polanyi, The Great Transformation (1944): Ch. 5 (59-70), Ch. 10 (116-135).
Robert Hale, "Coercion and Distribution in a Supposedly Non-Coercive State", 38 Political Science Quarterly (1923) 470-494.
John Maynard Keynes, The end of laissez-faire (1926).
Session No. 4, 2 May, "The Mountain King: Neoliberalism and the Law"
F.A. von Hayek, Law, Legislation and Liberty (1973), vol. 1, ch. 1 (“Reason and Evolution”).
NML Capital, Ltd. v. Republic of Argentina, United States Court of Appeals, 2d Circuit, October 26, 2012 (699 F.3d 246).
Bundesverfassungsgericht, Order of 8 May 2007 - 2 BvM 1/03, BVerfGE 118, 124 (134-146) (also available in English).
F.A. von Hayek, The road to serfdom (1944).
Thomas Biebricher, “Neoliberalism and Law: The Case of the Balanced Budget Amendment” 17 German Law Journal (2016) 835.
White, Jonathan, “Between Rules and Discretion: Thoughts on Ordo-Liberalism” LSE ‘Europe in Question’ Discussion Paper Series No 126 (2017).
Anna Gelpern, “Sovereign Debt: Now What?” 41 Yale Journal of International Law Online (2016) 45.
Session No. 5, 23 May, "Shut the Door. Have a Seat: The Economic Way of Looking at Law"
Gary Becker, The Economic Way of Looking at Life, Nobel Lecture (1992).
SEC v. Life Partners, Inc., 87 F.3d 536 (D.C. Cir. 1996);
Poštová banka, a.s. and ISTROKAPITAL SE v. Hellenic Republic, ICSID Case No. ARB/13/8.
Richard A. Posner, “Utilitarianism, Economics, and Legal Theory”, 8 The Journal of Legal Studies (979) 103-140.
Buchanan, James M., "The domain of constitutional economics", 1 Constitutional Political Economy (1990) 1-18.
Chris Brummer, "Why soft law dominates international finance – and not trade", 13 J Int’l Econ L (2010) 623-43.
Michael J. Sandel, “What Money Can’t Buy: The Moral Limits of Markets”, Tanner Lectures on Human Values, 1998.
Session No. 6, 30 May, "The Chrysanthemum and the Sword: Poststructuralism and the Law"
Foucault, Michel, "Governmentality", in The Foucault Effect (Graham Burchell et al. eds.), 87-104 (1991).
Gauweiler et al., European Court of Justice, Case C-62/14, Judgment of June 2015.
Kennedy, David, "Law and the Political Economy of the World", 26 Leiden Journal of International Law (2013) 7-48.
Bourdieu, Pierre, "Force of Law", 38 Hastings Law Journal (1987) 805-853.
Žižek, Slavoj, “Shoplifters of the world unite” – Libcom, 11 August 2011.
Session No. 7, 6 June, "Smoke Gets un Your Eyes: Constructivism and Bounded Rattionality"
Pistor, Katharina, "Towards a Legal Theory of Finance", Columbia Public Law Research Paper (2012), No. 12-323.
ECJ, Case C-370/12 Pringle, ECLI:EU:C:2012:756, judgment of 27 November 2012.
Lang, Andrew T. F., "The Legal Construction of Economic Rationalities?", 40 Journal of Law and Society (2013) 155-171.
La Porta, Rafael, Florencio Lopez de Silanes, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny, "Law and Finance", 106 Journal of Political Economy (1998) 1113-1155.
Tversky, Amos and Daniel Kahneman, "Judgment under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases", 185 Science (1974) 1124-1131.
Miller, Geoffrey P. and Gerald Rosenfeld, "Intellectual Hazard: How Conceptual Biases in Complex Organizations Contributed to the Crisis of 2008", 33 Harvard J. of Law and Policy (2008) 807-840.
Minsky, Hyman P., “The Financial Instability Hypothesis”, Levy Economics Institute Working Paper No 74 (1992).
Goldmann, Matthias, “Public Law and Finance: A History of Misunderstandings and a Discourse Theoretical Proposal” (April 11, 2016).
Session No. 8, 13 June, "Meditations in an Emergency: Law in Democratic Capitalism after the Crisis"
Jürgen Habermas, “The Lure of Technocracy: A Plea for European Solidarity”, in id., The Lure of Technocracy (2015) 3-28.
European Court of Human Rights, Koufaki and Adedy v. Greece, App. Nos. 57665/12 and 57657/12, Decision of 7 May 2013.
ECJ, Case C-8/15 P et al., Ledra, ECLI:EU:C:2016:701, judgment of 20 September 2016.
Piketty, Capital in the 21st Century (2014), Introduction, pp. 1-35, Ch. 5 (The Capital/Income Ratio over the Long Run (inc. the Second Law of Capitalism). Streeck, Wolfgang, "The Rise of the European Consolidation State", MPIfG Discussion Paper 15/1 (2015), Cologne.
Juan Pablo Bohoslavsky, “Economic Inequality, Debt Crises and Human Rights”, 41 Yale J. of International Law Online (2016).
ICSID, Urbaser S.A. et al. v. Argentina, Case No. ARB/07/26, Award of 8 December 2016.
Sen, Amartya K., The Idea of Justice (Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA 2009), 355 et seq.
Goldmann, Matthias and Silvia Steininger, "A Discourse Theoretical Approach to Sovereign Debt Restructuring: Towards a Democratic Financial Order", 17 German Law Journal (2016) 709-746.
Session No. 9, 20 June, "Tomorrowland: Blockchain and the Law"
Fintech and Cryptocurrencies
Bjerg, Ole, "How is Bitcoin Money?", 33 Theory, Culture & Society (2016) 53-72.
ECJ, Case C-264/14, Skatteverket, ECLI:EU:C:2015:718, judgment of 22 October 2015.
Wright, Aaron and De Filippi, Primavera, “Decentralized Blockchain Technology and the Rise of Lex Cryptographia” (March 10, 2015).
Finck, Michèle, Blockchain Regulation (August 7, 2017). German Law Journal, 2018, Forthcoming; Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Research Paper No. 17-13 .
Varoufakis, Yanis, “Bitcoin and the dangerous fantasy of ‘apolitical’ money”, 22 April 2013.
Klausurenkurs im Öffentlichen Recht (Unirep)
Im Rahmen des Klausurenkurses des Unireps werden die Klausuren:
2. ÖR-Klausur: 04.05.2018 in HZ 1 von 13-18h
- Besprechung am 15.05.2018, 16-18h in HZ 3
3. ÖR-Klausur: 01.06.2018 in HZ 1 von 13h-18h
- Besprechung am 12.06.2018, 16-18h in HZ 3
(Die 1. und die 4. Klausur im Öffentlichen Recht wird durch Frau Prof. Dr. Wallrabenstein gestellt)